Project #Sustainability, Policy Paper §9: Circularity Database

Circularity Database

Teodor Kalpakchiev

In lieu with the open-source nature of value creation of this platform the following article would continuously collect and analyse models and practices that can curb circularity.

Regeneration refers to shifting to renewable energy and materials.

Bioconomy: Utensils and packaging from plants, transforming waste into edible protein through feeding crickets

  • Blue economy: Ocean waves power generation, hydroponics-based regenerative growing of plants and fisheries, sustained with renewable biogas and solar energy
  • Industrial ecology: Using waste-to-energy plants for co-generation of heat and renewable energy, residues and chemicals

Sharing denotes the sharing and recycling economy as well as prolonging the life of products.

  • Leasing Society and Tele-Living, Servitization– Whirlpools, e-Trottinettes, Sharing of electric vehicles
  • Collaborative consumption: Online free reuse groups Freecycle
  • Collaborative creation: The makers’ movement, co-creation and sharing of 3D printing designs

Optimization refers to increased efficiency, waste minimization and utilization of information and communications technology (ICT).

  • Smart Cities, Blockchain and AI: sensor-generated data for optimization of waste collection, electricity and traffic maintenance; drone-powered agricultural optimization, collecting data from humanitarian and post-disaster operations to optimize interventions
  • Ecology of things: using RFID, drones and sensors to optimize the bioeconomy
  • Industrial Ecology: Cogeneration

Looping is defined as closing the technical and biological material cycles.

  • Waste prevention: usage of biowaste for fertilizers and biodegradable packaging; creating novel products from recycled plastics
  • Repurposing: using marine litter such as bottles stuffed with sand instead of bricks for social housing or transforming ghettos in global south
  • Downcycling: using end of life clothing for emergencies, industrial cloth for cleaning, fitting of upholstery, thread for new clothes; using residue from waste-to-energy plants as a substitute for sand in concrete; using the metal from end of life vehicles for construction of wind turbines and electric bikes
  • Repair economy: Performance contracting, Fairphone, Repair Cafe Centers

Virtualization deals with direct and indirect de-materialization

  • Reverse logistics: virtual markets, e-books, collection of parts for refurbishment through extended producer responsiblity

Exchange refers to the utilization of novel materials and technologies

  • Carbon Sequestration: production of sustainable biofuels through carbon capture, substitution of sand in concrete with waste residues and ashes


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